Effects of Extending Paid Parental Leave on Children's Socio-Emotional Skills and Well-Being in Adolescence

58 Pages Posted: 11 Jul 2022 Last revised: 14 Jul 2022

See all articles by Mikkel Aagaard Houmark

Mikkel Aagaard Houmark

Aarhus University

Cecilie Marie Løchte Jørgensen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business Economics

Ida Kristiansen

University of Copenhagen

Miriam Gensowski

Rockwool Foundation Research Unit

Abstract

We study how children's socio-emotional skills and well-being in adolescence are affected by an increase in the duration of parental care during infancy. Exploiting a Danish reform that extended paid parental leave in 2002 and effectively delayed children's entry into formal out-of-home care, we show that longer leave increases adolescent well-being, conscientiousness and emotional stability, and reduces school absenteeism. The effects are strongest for children of mothers who would have taken short leave in absence of the reform. This highlights how time spent with a parent is particularly productive during very early childhood.

Keywords: personality, socio-emotional skills, parental investments, skill formation, early childhood, parental leave, well-being, adolescence

JEL Classification: J13, J18, J24, I31

Suggested Citation

Houmark, Mikkel and Løchte Jørgensen, Cecilie Marie and Kristiansen, Ida and Gensowski, Miriam, Effects of Extending Paid Parental Leave on Children's Socio-Emotional Skills and Well-Being in Adolescence. IZA Discussion Paper No. 15421, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4158734

Mikkel Houmark (Contact Author)

Aarhus University ( email )

Nordre Ringgade 1
DK-8000 Aarhus C, 8000
Denmark

Cecilie Marie Løchte Jørgensen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business Economics ( email )

Fuglesangs Allé 4
Aarhus V, 8210
Denmark

Ida Kristiansen

University of Copenhagen

Nørregade 10
Copenhagen, DK-1165
Denmark

Miriam Gensowski

Rockwool Foundation Research Unit ( email )

Sejroegade 11
DK-2100 Copenhagen
Denmark

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
412
Abstract Views
1,087
Rank
108,861
PlumX Metrics