The Impact of Immigration Enforcement on Agricultural Employment: Evidence from the US E-Verify Policy

Applied Economics, Forthcoming

65 Pages Posted: 27 Jul 2022

See all articles by Sunghun Lim

Sunghun Lim

Louisiana State University, Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness

SongYi Paik

University of Minnesota - College of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences - Department of Applied Economics

Date Written: July 13, 2022

Abstract

Immigration enforcement often brings unintended consequences in domestic labor markets. Using the universe of administrative immigration data from 2005 to 2019, we uncover evidence that the E-Verify, an employment verification mandate, exacerbates the ongoing farm labor shortage in the US. Relying on the newly developed staggered difference-in-differences method, we find that the E-Verify policy restricts the employment of undocumented farmworkers. Our results indicate that domestic workers are not being replaced with declined undocumented workers wherein the inflow of the H-2A visa migrants still remains. Our finding advances a more nuanced picture of the US labor shortage driven by the E-Verify policy. This paper contributes to the rising policy debate on reforming nationwide E-Verify enactment and the H-2A visa program in the US.

Keywords: Immigration enforcement, Migration, Undocumented workers, Agricultural labor shortage, H-2A visa, E-Verify

JEL Classification: J11, J43, J61, O13, Q12

Suggested Citation

Lim, Sunghun and Paik, SongYi, The Impact of Immigration Enforcement on Agricultural Employment: Evidence from the US E-Verify Policy (July 13, 2022). Applied Economics, Forthcoming , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4162024

Sunghun Lim (Contact Author)

Louisiana State University, Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness ( email )

273 Martin D. Woodin Hall Louisiana State Universi
Baton Rouge, LA 70803
United States
225-578-2766 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/view/limsunghun

SongYi Paik

University of Minnesota - College of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences - Department of Applied Economics ( email )

1994 Buford Avenue
St. Paul, MN 55108
United States

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