Employment Patterns of Husbands and Wives and Family Income Distribution in Italy (1977-98)

25 Pages Posted: 21 Nov 2003

See all articles by Daniela Del Boca

Daniela Del Boca

University of Turin - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Silvia Pasqua

University of Turin - Department of Economics

Abstract

The pattern of employment among men and women has changed remarkably over the past decades. The growth in the participation in the labor market of women with high-income husbands has heightened concerns that wives' earnings may increase income inequality among married couples, especially in countries like Italy, the U.K., and the U.S., where more noticeable growth of income inequality during the past decade has accompanied changes in employment levels. In this paper, we attempt to measure the impact of the changes of women and men's employment patterns on the distribution of income among Italian households, by considering regional differences, using micro data from the Historical Archive of the Bank of Italy Survey of Household Income and Wealth (SHIW) for the period 1977-98. Our results indicate that total income distribution would have been more unequal without women's labor income.

Suggested Citation

Del Boca, Daniela and Pasqua, Silvia, Employment Patterns of Husbands and Wives and Family Income Distribution in Italy (1977-98). Review of Income and Wealth, Vol. 49, pp. 221-245, June 2003. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=416203

Daniela Del Boca (Contact Author)

University of Turin - Department of Economics ( email )

Via Po, 53
Torino, 10124
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Turin, TO
Italy

Silvia Pasqua

University of Turin - Department of Economics ( email )

Via Po, 53
Torino, 10124
Italy

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