Effect of Tai Chi Exercise Versus Pilates on Dynamic Balance and Gait in Elderly - A Comparative Study

International Journal of Health Sciences and Research, Vol.12; Issue: 7; July 2022

14 Pages Posted: 27 Jul 2022

See all articles by Leetali Mahajan

Leetali Mahajan

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Pradnya Mahajan

Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical College & Hospital

Mukesh Shinde

Dr. Ulhas Patil College of Physiotherapy

Dr.Amar Prakash

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: July 18, 2022

Abstract

Background: Elderly people within the society face plenty of physical & medical problems which make them more at risk of deconditioning & confined to their home and a few of them are impaired mobility, falls, impaired cognition, incontinence, etc. Out of this, falls are common & complex geriatric syndrome. Falls and poor bone health are major causes of disability and accidental home deaths in the older population. Aim: To study the effect of Tai chi exercises versus Pilates on dynamic balance and Gait in elderly. Methodology: A comparative study was conducted on 36 elderly subjects. Subjects were selected according to inclusion criteria & exclusion criteria. The pre assessment was taken before intervention & post assessment was taken after intervention by using TUG, Tinetti Balance Assessment Tool and Cadence. Participants were randomly divided into two groups with n=18 in each group. Group A received Tai chi exercise while Group B received Pilates exercise. The treatment was given for 6 weeks ,3 days/week. Statistical analysis was carried out using paired & unpaired t test. Results: Tai chi & Pilates exercise was effective on improving dynamic balance and Gait in elderly. on intergroup comparison using unpaired t test, there was no significant difference between effect of Tai chi & Pilates exercises (TUG p value =0.1739), (Tinetti p value =0.3378), (Cadence p value=0.3433) which implies both exercises were equally effective on improving dynamic balance & gait in elderly. Conclusion: Tai chi & Pilates were equally effective on improving dynamic balance & gait in elderly, except both could not improve walking velocity as gait improves in qualitatively manner.

Note:
Funding Information: None.

Conflict of Interests: None.

Ethical Approval: Ethical clearance was obtained from the ethical committee of Dr. Ulhas Patil College of Physiotherapy, Jalgaon. Written informed consent was obtained from participants who was willing to participate.

Keywords: Tai chi, Pilates, TUG, Tinetti, Cadence

Suggested Citation

Mahajan, Leetali and Mahajan, Pradnya and Shinde, Mukesh and Prakash, Dr.Amar, Effect of Tai Chi Exercise Versus Pilates on Dynamic Balance and Gait in Elderly - A Comparative Study (July 18, 2022). International Journal of Health Sciences and Research, Vol.12; Issue: 7; July 2022 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4165369

Leetali Mahajan

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Pradnya Mahajan

Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical College & Hospital

India

Mukesh Shinde (Contact Author)

Dr. Ulhas Patil College of Physiotherapy

jalgaon khurd
jalgaon, MA 425001
India
425001 (Fax)

Dr.Amar Prakash

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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