Reporting Guidelines for Surgical Technique: A Scoping Review and a Call for Action

31 Pages Posted: 18 Jul 2022

See all articles by Qianling Shi

Qianling Shi

Lanzhou University

Yanfang Ma

Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) - School of Chinese Medicine

Xianzhuo Zhang

Lanzhou University - The First Clinical Medical School

Panpan Jiao

Lanzhou University - The First Clinical Medical School

Kaiping Zhang

AME Publishing Company

Leandro Cardoso Barchi

University of Sao Paulo

Benedetta Bedetti

Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg

Jinlin Wu

Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences - Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital

Benjamin Wei

University of Alabama at Birmingham - Department of Surgery

Calvin S.H. Ng

The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery

Alper Toker

West Virginia University

Jianfei Shen

Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province

Robert Fruscio

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

Sebastien Gilbert

The Ottawa Hospital - Department of Surgery

Rene Horsleben Petersen

University of Copenhagen - Copenhagen University Hospital

Steven Hochwald

Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center

Tomaž Štupnik

University of Ljubljana - University Medical Centre Ljubljana

Hussein Elkhayat

Assiut University

Marco Scarci

ASST - Monza - San Gerardo Hospital

Giovanni Battista Levi Sandri

San Camillo Hospital

Firas Abu Akar

Edith Wolfson Medical Center - Thoracic Surgery unit

Ryuichi Waseda

Fukuoka University

Alan D. L. Sihoe

Gleneagles Hong Kong Hospital

Alfonso Fiorelli

University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli

Michel Gonzalez

Aix-Marseille University

Fabio Davoli

S. Maria delle Croci Hospital

Grace S. Li

AME Publishing Company

Xueqin Tang

AME Publishing Company

Bin Qiu

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College - National Cancer Center/ National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/ Cancer Hospital

Stephen D. Wang

AME Publishing Company

Yaolong Chen

Lanzhou University - School of Basic Medical Sciences

Shugeng Gao

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College - National Cancer Center/ National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/ Cancer Hospital

Abstract

Objective: To identify reporting guidelines related to surgical technique and propose recommendations for areas that require improvement.

Study Design and Setting: A protocol-guided scoping review was conducted. A literature search of MEDLINE, the EQUATOR Network Library, Google Scholar, and Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations was conducted to identify surgical technique reporting guidelines published up to December 31, 2021. Descriptive analysis was used to provide the basic characteristics, development process, and reporting items of the retrieved guidelines.

Results: Of the 55 surgical technique reporting guidelines included, 29 (52.7%) were published before 2010. Of the 11 clinical specialties covered by these guidelines, vascular surgery (n=18, 32.7%) was most common. A detailed development process was provided by 14 (25.5%) guidelines. The included guidelines generally showed a low degree of international and multidisciplinary cooperation. Few guidelines included a systematic literature review (n=13, 23.6%), used the Delphi method (n=4, 7.3%), or describe their post-publication strategy (n=6, 10.9%). The vast majority guidelines focused on the intraoperative period (n=50, 90.9%). Of the guidelines requiring detailed descriptions of surgical technique methodology (n=43, 78.2%), most failed to provide guidance on what constitutes an adequate description.

Conclusions: As the number of surgical technique papers increases, so does the number of related reporting guidelines. However, our study demonstrates significant deficiencies in the development methodology and practicality of current guidelines. A standardized reporting guideline that is developed rigorously and focuses on details of surgical technique may serve as a necessary impetus for change.

Note:

Funding Information: This project is supported by the AME Reporting Guidelines Research Fund (No. 464 2020-1016-885) and Lanzhou University Research Unit for Evidence-Based Evaluation and Guidelines, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Fund (2021RU017). The study sponsor participated in the design, with no involvement in collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data, in the writing of the article

Declaration of Interests: All authors have completed the ICMJE uniform disclosure form and declare no conflict of interest.

Keywords: surgery, Surgical technique, Reporting guideline, methodology, scoping review.

Suggested Citation

Shi, Qianling and Ma, Yanfang and Zhang, Xianzhuo and Jiao, Panpan and Zhang, Kaiping and Barchi, Leandro Cardoso and Bedetti, Benedetta and Wu, Jinlin and Wei, Benjamin and Ng, Calvin S.H. and Toker, Alper and Shen, Jianfei and Fruscio, Robert and Gilbert, Sebastien and Petersen, Rene Horsleben and Hochwald, Steven and Štupnik, Tomaž and Elkhayat, Hussein and Scarci, Marco and Sandri, Giovanni Battista Levi and Akar, Firas Abu and Waseda, Ryuichi and Sihoe, Alan D. L. and Fiorelli, Alfonso and Gonzalez, Michel and Davoli, Fabio and Li, Grace S. and Tang, Xueqin and Qiu, Bin and Wang, Stephen D. and Chen, Yaolong and Gao, Shugeng, Reporting Guidelines for Surgical Technique: A Scoping Review and a Call for Action. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4166363 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4166363

Qianling Shi

Lanzhou University ( email )

222 Tianshui South Road
Chengguan
Lanzhou, gansu 730000
China

Yanfang Ma

Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) - School of Chinese Medicine ( email )

Xianzhuo Zhang

Lanzhou University - The First Clinical Medical School ( email )

Panpan Jiao

Lanzhou University - The First Clinical Medical School ( email )

Kaiping Zhang

AME Publishing Company ( email )

Leandro Cardoso Barchi

University of Sao Paulo ( email )

Benedetta Bedetti

Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg ( email )

Jinlin Wu

Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences - Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital ( email )

Benjamin Wei

University of Alabama at Birmingham - Department of Surgery ( email )

Calvin S.H. Ng

The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery ( email )

Hong Kong SAR
China

Alper Toker

West Virginia University ( email )

Jianfei Shen

Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province ( email )

Zhejiang
China

Robert Fruscio

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca ( email )

Sebastien Gilbert

The Ottawa Hospital - Department of Surgery

Rene Horsleben Petersen

University of Copenhagen - Copenhagen University Hospital ( email )

Copenhangen
Denmark

Steven Hochwald

Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center ( email )

Elm & Carlton Streets
Buffalo, NY 14263
United States

Tomaž Štupnik

University of Ljubljana - University Medical Centre Ljubljana ( email )

Zaloška cesta 7
1000 Ljubljana
Slovenia

Hussein Elkhayat

Assiut University ( email )

71515 Assiut
Egypt

Marco Scarci

ASST - Monza - San Gerardo Hospital ( email )

Via Pergolesi 33
Monza
Italy

Giovanni Battista Levi Sandri

San Camillo Hospital ( email )

Rome
Italy

Firas Abu Akar

Edith Wolfson Medical Center - Thoracic Surgery unit ( email )

Holon, Telaviv
Israel

Ryuichi Waseda

Fukuoka University ( email )

Fukuoka 814-0180
Japan

Alan D. L. Sihoe

Gleneagles Hong Kong Hospital ( email )

Alfonso Fiorelli

University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli ( email )

Italy

Michel Gonzalez

Aix-Marseille University ( email )

3 Avenue Robert Schuman
3 Avenue Robert Schuman,
Aix-en-Provence, 13628
France

Fabio Davoli

S. Maria delle Croci Hospital ( email )

Grace S. Li

AME Publishing Company ( email )

Xueqin Tang

AME Publishing Company ( email )

Bin Qiu

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College - National Cancer Center/ National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/ Cancer Hospital ( email )

Stephen D. Wang

AME Publishing Company ( email )

Yaolong Chen (Contact Author)

Lanzhou University - School of Basic Medical Sciences ( email )

Shugeng Gao

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College - National Cancer Center/ National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/ Cancer Hospital ( email )

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