Do Nbfcs Propagate Real Shocks?

48 Pages Posted: 21 Jul 2022

See all articles by DEBOJYOTI MAZUMDER


Reserve Bank of India, Mumbai

Saurabh Ghosh

Reserve Bank of India


In this paper, we try to explain the role of Non-bank Financial Intermediation (NBFI) to percolate and propel a real shock to the rest of the economy through the bank-NBFI interactions. We propose a simple theoretical model, which identifies the channels and distinguishes between idiosyncratic, structural and sectoral shocks. In our model, the non-deposit taking Non-bank Financial companies (NBFCs) which are the provider of risky, small and fragmented loans, are partially financed by borrowing from commercial banks. That crucially links with the rest of the economy. Our findings indicates that higher realization of the failed firms (idiosyncratic shock) in the NBFC financed sector and a rise in the sector-wide productivity risk (sectoral risk) increase the interest rate charged by the banks, unemployment rate while reduces the real wages and per capita capital formation of the economy. However, when the average number of failed firms increases (structural shock), the reverse happens.

Keywords: E44, G23, G21, J64

Suggested Citation

MAZUMDER, DEBOJYOTI and Ghosh, Saurabh, Do Nbfcs Propagate Real Shocks?. Available at SSRN: or


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Saurabh Ghosh

Reserve Bank of India ( email )

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