Reintroducing Intergenerational Equilibrium: Key Concepts Behind the New Polish Pension System

29 Pages Posted: 18 Aug 2003

See all articles by Marek Góra

Marek Góra

Warsaw School of Economics (SGH); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: June 2003

Abstract

The paper discusses conceptual background of the pension system from the viewpoint of its long-term objective, which is to ensure intergenerational equilibrium irrespective of the demographic situation. This requires stabilisation of the share of GDP allocated to the entire retired generation. Traditional pension systems aim, instead, at stabilisation of the share of GDP per retiree. The change in demographic structure observed over the past for a couple of decades and this historic attempt to stabilise the share of GDP per retiree led to severe fiscal problems and negative externalities for growth, as observed in numerous countries. Many countries have tried to reform their pension systems in different ways to try to resolve the issue of these ever-increasing costs. Poland adopted a new pension system in 1999. This new pension system allows Poland to reduce pension expenditure (as a percent of GDP), instead of increasing it - as is projected for the majority of other OECD countries. Although the Polish reform uses a number of techniques applied elsewhere, its design differs from the typical approaches - and the lessons and results are promising for all OECD countries. This paper presents the theoretical and practical application of this alternative approach and as such, the key features of the new Polish pension system design.

Keywords: pensions, equilibrium, GDP, pension debt, income allocation, generations

JEL Classification: D50, H55, H63

Suggested Citation

Góra, Marek, Reintroducing Intergenerational Equilibrium: Key Concepts Behind the New Polish Pension System (June 2003). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=417761 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.417761

Marek Góra (Contact Author)

Warsaw School of Economics (SGH) ( email )

aleja Niepodleglosci 162
PL-Warsaw, 02-554
Poland

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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