No Time for Love? The Impact of ICTs on Time Allocation and Relationships in Japan

46 Pages Posted: 12 Aug 2022

Date Written: August 10, 2022


This paper examines the ways in which Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have changed how we interact socially, and the resulting impact on time allocation and relationships. Specifically, we use regional variation in broadband internet coverage in Japan to examine the impact of ICTs on time allocation, time spent alone, participation in social activities, and marriage. Our estimates show that access to the internet is associated with a substantial increase not only in leisure time but also in time spent alone, especially in leisure activities. In addition, we find that internet availability decreases the marriage probability and increases the divorce rate of individuals. Overall, the results show that while ICTs have changed how we allocate our time and interact socially, in terms of long-term relationships, these new technologies have tended to introduce potential sources of social instability by reducing the likelihood of marriage, increasing the likelihood of divorce, and increasing the amount of solitary time for many.

Keywords: Time Allocation, Solitary Time, Leisure, Internet, ICTs, Labor Supply

JEL Classification: J10, J20, J22

Suggested Citation

Muroga, Kiho, No Time for Love? The Impact of ICTs on Time Allocation and Relationships in Japan (August 10, 2022). Available at SSRN: or

Kiho Muroga (Contact Author)

Kyushu University ( email )

6-19-1, Hakozaki, Higashiku
Fukuoka, Fukuoka 812-8581


Do you have negative results from your research you’d like to share?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics