The Determinants of Participation in a Social Program: Evidence from a Prototypical Job Training Program

78 Pages Posted: 24 Jul 2003

See all articles by James J. Heckman

James J. Heckman

University of Chicago - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); American Bar Foundation; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Jeffrey A. Smith

University of Wisconsin - Madison; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: June 2003

Abstract

This paper decomposes the participation process of a prototypical program into eligibility, awareness, application, acceptance and enrollment. With this decomposition, we determine the sources of unequal participation for different groups, and demonstrate that variables often have very different effects at different stages in the participation process. Our analysis shows that personal choices substantially affect participation and that awareness of program eligibility is a major source of variation in participation.

Keywords: Social Program Participation, Job Training, Performance Standards, Cream Skimming, Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA)

JEL Classification: J24

Suggested Citation

Heckman, James J. and Smith, Jeffrey Andrew, The Determinants of Participation in a Social Program: Evidence from a Prototypical Job Training Program (June 2003). IZA Discussion Paper No. 798. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=418647

James J. Heckman (Contact Author)

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Jeffrey Andrew Smith

University of Wisconsin - Madison

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Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

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Germany

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