Neural Mechanisms of Perceptual and Affective Body-Image Disturbance During Self-Body Estimation and Ideal-Body Evaluation

63 Pages Posted: 18 Aug 2022

See all articles by Yumi Hamamoto

Yumi Hamamoto

Toho University - School of Medicine

Shinsuke Suzuki

The University of Melbourne

Kosuke Motoki

University of Tokyo

Kentaro Oba

Tohoku University

Ryuta Kawashima

Tohoku University

Motoaki Sugiura

Tohoku University

Abstract

Body-image disturbance is a core feature of eating disorders and can predict their development in healthy individuals. There are two components of body-image disturbance: perceptual disturbance (associated with overestimation of body size) and affective disturbance (associated with body dissatisfaction). Previous behavioral studies have hypothesized that attention to particular body parts and negative body-related emotion derived from social pressure are associated with the respective degrees of perceptual and affective disturbance; however, the neural representations that underlie this hypothesis have not been elucidated. Thus, this study investigated the brain regions and connectivity associated with the degree of body-image disturbance. Specifically, we examined the brain activations associated with participants’ estimation of the width of their actual and ideal bodies; we sought to determine which brain regions and functional connectivity from body-related visual-processing regions were correlated with the degree of each component of body-image disturbance. The degree of perceptual disturbance was positively correlated with excessive-width-dependent brain activations in the right anterior insula and left anterior cingulate cortex when estimating one’s body size; it was positively correlated with the functional connectivity between the left extrastriate body area and left anterior insula. The degree of affective disturbance was positively correlated with excessive-width-dependent brain activation in the right temporoparietal junction and negatively correlated with functional connectivity between the left extrastriate body area and right precuneus when estimating one’s ideal body size. These results support the hypothesis that perceptual disturbance is associated with attentional processing, whereas affective disturbance is associated with social processing.

Note:

Ethics: This study was approved (2017-1-892) by the Ethics Committee of Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan. Informed consent was obtained from all participants, in accordance with the tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki.

Funding Information: This study was supported by KAKENHI 16H01873 (MS) and Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Fellows JP19J21589 (YH) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science; The Subsidy for Interdisciplinary Study and Research concerning COVID-19 from the Mitsubishi Foundation (MS); and the Division for Interdisciplinary Advanced Research and Education Selective Examination, Tohoku University (YH).

Declaration of Interests: None.

Keywords: Body image, eating disorders, fMRI, functional connectivity, mental representation

Suggested Citation

Hamamoto, Yumi and Suzuki, Shinsuke and Motoki, Kosuke and Oba, Kentaro and Kawashima, Ryuta and Sugiura, Motoaki, Neural Mechanisms of Perceptual and Affective Body-Image Disturbance During Self-Body Estimation and Ideal-Body Evaluation. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4193478 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4193478

Yumi Hamamoto (Contact Author)

Toho University - School of Medicine ( email )

Shinsuke Suzuki

The University of Melbourne ( email )

Parkville, 3010
Australia

Kosuke Motoki

University of Tokyo ( email )

7-3-1 Hongo
Bunkyo-ku
Tokyo, 113-0033
Japan

Kentaro Oba

Tohoku University ( email )

SKK Building, Katahira 2
Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8577
Japan

Ryuta Kawashima

Tohoku University ( email )

SKK Building, Katahira 2
Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8577
Japan

Motoaki Sugiura

Tohoku University ( email )

SKK Building, Katahira 2
Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8577
Japan

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