Desigualdade Racial e de Gênero nas Eleições Municipais no Brasil (Racial and Gender Inequality in Municipal Elections in Brazil)

33 Pages Posted: 23 Sep 2022

See all articles by Sergio Firpo

Sergio Firpo

Insper

Michael França

Insper

Alysson Portella

Insper Institute of Education and Research

Rafael Tavares

FEA-USP

Date Written: August 18, 2022

Abstract

This work contributes to the literature that estimates racial and gender imbalances in Brazilian municipal political representation. For this, we use data from the 2016 and 2020 mayoral and councilor elections in order to investigate the extent to which black women, black men and white women are underrepresented in relation to white men in our local political system. Our analysis reveals high levels of imbalances, especially in the gender dimension. For mayors, the imbalances are high when we consider both candidacies and those elected. In the case of councilors, the imbalance is greater among the elected. Additionally, we found that there was a high inequality in the funding of campaigns in favor of white men in 2016, which reverts in favor of women in 2020. However, this change did not change the low levels of female representation in local politics.

Note: Downloadable document is in Portuguese.

Keywords: Descriptive Representation; Elections; mayors; councilors; Race, Gender

JEL Classification: D00, D63, J15

Suggested Citation

Firpo, Sergio and França, Michael and Portella, Alysson and Tavares, Rafael, Desigualdade Racial e de Gênero nas Eleições Municipais no Brasil (Racial and Gender Inequality in Municipal Elections in Brazil) (August 18, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4194197 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4194197

Sergio Firpo

Insper ( email )

R Quata 300
Sao Paulo, 04542-030
Brazil

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/sergiopfirpo/

Michael França (Contact Author)

Insper ( email )

R Quata 300
Sao Paulo, 04542-030
Brazil

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/alumni.usp.br/michael

Alysson Portella

Insper Institute of Education and Research ( email )

R Quata 300
Sao Paulo, 04542-030
Brazil

Rafael Tavares

FEA-USP ( email )

Av. Prof. Luciano Gualberto 908
São Paulo SP, São Paulo 05508-900
Brazil

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