Interaction Effects of Night-Time Temperature and Pm2.5 on Preterm Birth in Huai River Basin, China
27 Pages Posted: 21 Aug 2022
Nocturnal temperature is observed increasing with global warming. However, evidence on nighttime non-optimal temperature on the risk of preterm birth (PTB) is limited, and the potential interactions with air pollution on PTB has not been well clarified. We therefore conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study to evaluate the effect of nighttime temperature extremes on the risk of PTB and its interaction with air pollution. Records of 196,780 singleton births from 4 counties in Huai River Basin (2013–2018) were obtained. Gridded data on nighttime temperature were collected from a high-quality Chinese Air Quality Reanalysis dataset. We used a multivariate logistic regression to evaluate the effects of nighttime heat and cold exposure on the risk of PTB as well as its subtypes. Potential interactions between nighttime temperature extremes and fine particulate matter < 2.5 µm (PM2.5) were examined using the relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI). We found that the risk of PTB was positively associated with third trimester nighttime extremely heat and cold exposure, with adjusted OR of 1.898 (95%CI: 1.655-2.177) and 2.044 (95%CI: 1.786-2.339). Similar effects were observed for PTB subtypes, moderately PTB (mPTB) and very PTB (vPTB). Synergistic effects (RERI >0) of each trimester nighttime temperature extremes exposure and PM2.5 on PTB were observed. We identified consistent positive interactions between nighttime temperature extremes and PM2.5 on mPTB. No significant interaction of nighttime temperature extremes and PM2.5 on vPTB was found. In conclusion, this large retrospective cohort study found that third trimester nighttime heat and cold exposure significantly increased the risk of PTB and its subtypes. There is a synergistic effect between nighttime temperature extremes and high PM2.5 levels on PTB and mPTB. In the context of climate warming, our results add new evidence to the current understanding of nighttime non-optimal temperature exposure on PTB.
Keywords: preterm birth, Temperature extremes, fine particulate matter, Combined effect
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