What Makes a Program Good? Evidence from Short-Cycle Higher Education Programs in Five Developing Countries

56 Pages Posted: 22 Aug 2022 Last revised: 27 Aug 2022

Date Written: August 2022

Abstract

Short-cycle higher education programs (SCPs) can play a central role in skill development and higher education expansion, yet their quality varies greatly within and among countries. In this paper we explore the relationship between programs’ practices and inputs (quality determinants) and student academic and labor market outcomes. We design and conduct a novel survey to collect program-level information on quality determinants and average outcomes for Brazil, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, and Peru. Categories of quality determinants include training and curriculum, infrastructure, faculty, link with productive sector, costs and funding, and other practices on student admission and institutional governance. We also collect administrative, student-level data on higher education and formal employment for SCP students in Brazil and Ecuador and match it to survey data. Using machine learning methods, we select the quality determinants that predict outcomes at the program and student levels. Estimates indicate that some quality determinants may favor academic and labor market outcomes while others may hinder them. Two practices predict improvements in all labor market outcomes in Brazil and Ecuador—teaching numerical competencies and providing job market information—and one practice—teaching numerical competencies—additionally predicts improvements in labor market outcomes for all survey countries. Since quality determinants account for 20-40 percent of the explained variation in student-level outcomes, estimates indicate a role for quality determinants to shrink the quality gap among programs. These findings have implications for the design and replication of high-quality SCPs, their regulation, and the development of information systems.

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Suggested Citation

Dinarte, Lelys and Ferreyra, Maria Marta and Urzúa, Sergio and Bassi, Marina, What Makes a Program Good? Evidence from Short-Cycle Higher Education Programs in Five Developing Countries (August 2022). NBER Working Paper No. w30364, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4196308

Lelys Dinarte (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Maria Marta Ferreyra

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Sergio Urzúa

University of Maryland ( email )

College Park
College Park, MD 20742
United States

Marina Bassi

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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