Climbing the Ladder: How the Gender Gap is Vanishing in the Dutch Art Market

30 Pages Posted: 22 Aug 2022

See all articles by Marilena Vecco

Marilena Vecco

Burgundy School of Business

Juan Prieto-Rodriguez

Universidad de Oviedo

Simone Teerink

Erasmus University Rotterdam


Using an exclusive dataset on the Dutch primary art market derived from the Mondrian Fund, consisting of information on 10,922 artwork sales made by 96 Dutch artists from 2000 to 2010 in the Netherlands, we provide strong empirical evidence of the disappearance of the gender gap over time in this labour market. This study specifically focuses on the primary labour market of arts, which is underexplored due to a lack of data, mainly as regards artwork sales. Second, it defines an econometric method for estimating the probabilities of membership to the least favoured art market segment, based on a set of techniques using latent class finite mixture models. The identification of 3 different cohorts (1920-1939, 1940-1959 and 1960-1979) gives us the opportunity to analyse the gender gap over time, showing that the imbalance - very clear in the first cohort -, decreases in the second cohort and then completely disappears in the third. The present study provides important lessons for gender differentials in labour market outcomes within cultural markets, characterised by a strong paradigm which curbs the mobility of historically-underrepresented groups.

Keywords: labour market, primary art market, finite mixture models, gender discrimination, The Netherlands, distribution of wage gaps

Suggested Citation

Vecco, Marilena and Prieto Rodríguez, Juan and Teerink, Simone, Climbing the Ladder: How the Gender Gap is Vanishing in the Dutch Art Market. Available at SSRN: or

Marilena Vecco (Contact Author)

Burgundy School of Business ( email )

Juan Prieto Rodríguez

Universidad de Oviedo ( email )

Facultad de Economia y Empresa
Departamento de Economia. Avenida del Cristo
Oviedo, Asturias 33006
+ (34) 985103768 (Phone)
+ (34) 985104871 (Fax)


Simone Teerink

Erasmus University Rotterdam ( email )


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