The Most Powerful Court in the World? Judicial Review of Constitutional Amendment in Canada

110 Supreme Court Law Review (2d) 79 (2023)

U of Texas Law, Legal Studies Research Paper

23 Pages Posted: 22 Sep 2022 Last revised: 8 Apr 2023

See all articles by Richard Albert

Richard Albert

University of Texas at Austin - School of Law; University of Texas at Austin - Department of Government; Universidad de Especialidades Espíritu Santo; Université Paris II - Panthéon-Assas; Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Derecho; São Paulo Law School of Fundação Getulio Vargas FGV DIREITO SP; Reichman University - Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliyah - Harry Radziner School of Law; University of Toronto - Faculty of Law; University of Ottawa - Faculty of Law; Airlangga University; Yale University; Maharashtra National Law University Mumbai

Date Written: August 29, 2022

Abstract

The Supreme Court of Canada has become the main gatekeeper to constitutional reform in the country. Over the years, the Court has consolidated the power to determine whether, how, and by whom the Constitution of Canada may be amended – even where a given amendment affects the Court’s own powers. This extraordinary power of judicial review of constitutional reform is not unique among the world’s constitutional democracies. Yet the way the Court exercises this power – by reviewing a reform prior to its formal proposal or enactment – puts the Canadian Supreme Court in contention for the title of the most powerful court in the world.

Keywords: Supreme Court of Canada, Judicial Review, Unconstitutional Constitutional Amendment, Constituent Power, Constitutional Amendment Rules, Patriation, Meech Lake Accord, Charlottetown Accord, Juristocracy, Reference, Senate Reform, Secession Reference, Nadon Reference

Suggested Citation

Albert, Richard, The Most Powerful Court in the World? Judicial Review of Constitutional Amendment in Canada (August 29, 2022). 110 Supreme Court Law Review (2d) 79 (2023) , U of Texas Law, Legal Studies Research Paper , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4203008

Richard Albert (Contact Author)

University of Texas at Austin - School of Law ( email )

727 East Dean Keeton Street
Austin, TX 78705
United States
512.213.1113 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://law.utexas.edu/faculty/richard-albert

University of Texas at Austin - Department of Government ( email )

College of Liberal Arts
1 University Station A1800
Austin, TX 78712
United States

Universidad de Especialidades Espíritu Santo ( email )

Facultad de Derecho
Av. Samborondón 5
Samborondón, 092301
Ecuador

HOME PAGE: http://uees.edu.ec/postgrado/postgrado-derecho

Université Paris II - Panthéon-Assas ( email )

12 place du Pantheon
Paris cedex 06, 75231
France

Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Derecho

Calle 12 # 1-17 este
Calle 12 0 83
Bogota D.C, Cundinamarca 3456
Colombia

HOME PAGE: http://www.uexternado.edu.co/derecho

São Paulo Law School of Fundação Getulio Vargas FGV DIREITO SP

R. Rocha, 233, Bela Vista
São Paulo, 01330-000
Brazil

HOME PAGE: http://direitosp.fgv.br

Reichman University - Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliyah - Harry Radziner School of Law ( email )

P.O. Box 167
Herzliya, 46150
Israel

HOME PAGE: http://www.idc.ac.il/en/schools/law/pages/home.aspx

University of Toronto - Faculty of Law ( email )

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Canada

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University of Ottawa - Faculty of Law ( email )

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Canada

HOME PAGE: http://commonlaw.uottawa.ca

Airlangga University

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Surabaya, East Java 60286
Indonesia

HOME PAGE: http://www.unair.ac.id

Yale University

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New Haven, CT CT 06520
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Maharashtra National Law University Mumbai ( email )

2nd Floor, CETTM MTNL Building, Technology Street
Hiranandani Gardens, Powai, Mumbai 400076
Maharashtra
India

HOME PAGE: http://mnlumumbai.edu.in/vaf.php

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