A Review of Bus Transit Route Network Design Problem Considering Developing Nations
34 Pages Posted: 17 Sep 2022
Date Written: September 5, 2022
Among the developed nations, a substantial part of the world consists of developing countries where inefficient public transportation systems have increased private motorized transport, which leads to mobility-related problems. This study highlighted significant factors behind the non-existence of adequate public transportation systems in South Asian developing countries and suggested that the bus transit system is the most appropriate for developing countries. Considering the situation of these countries, we also identified two significant design attributes of Bus Transit Route Network Design Problem (BTRNDP), i.e., elastic passenger demand and multi-capacity transit vehicles, along with passenger flow assignment, which should be considered while designing transit route networks for developing countries. Our target is to present a detailed review of past studies addressing BTRNDP, emphasizing notorious important design components and attributes not expressed in the previous reviews. We also presented several challenges and potential future research avenues to think about appropriate solutions for developing countries on various transit network design problems.
Keywords: Bus Transit Route Network Design Problem, Developing Countries, Elastic Passenger Demand, Multi-capacity Transit Vehicles, Passenger Flow Assignment, Transportation Planning
JEL Classification: R42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation