Universal Childcare, Fertility, and Parental Time Investments
39 Pages Posted: 26 Sep 2022
Date Written: September 6, 2022
This paper studies the effect of the Quebec universal childcare program on fertility and parental time investment per child. Using a difference-in-differences approach, we find that the program increased fertility with the magnitude being larger among couples in which both spouses are at least college educated. The program also reduced mothers’ time use on educational childcare per child. We provide evidence that the negative effect on parental time use could be partially
driven by selection into parenthood.
Keywords: childcare, universal childcare, fertility, parental time use, selection into parenthood
JEL Classification: J13, J18
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation