Universal Childcare, Fertility, and Parental Time Investments

39 Pages Posted: 26 Sep 2022

See all articles by Siha Lee

Siha Lee

McMaster University

Sitian Liu

Queen's University - Department of Economics

Date Written: September 6, 2022


This paper studies the effect of the Quebec universal childcare program on fertility and parental time investment per child. Using a difference-in-differences approach, we find that the program increased fertility with the magnitude being larger among couples in which both spouses are at least college educated. The program also reduced mothers’ time use on educational childcare per child. We provide evidence that the negative effect on parental time use could be partially
driven by selection into parenthood.

Keywords: childcare, universal childcare, fertility, parental time use, selection into parenthood

JEL Classification: J13, J18

Suggested Citation

Lee, Siha and Liu, Sitian, Universal Childcare, Fertility, and Parental Time Investments (September 6, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4211935 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4211935

Siha Lee

McMaster University ( email )

1280 Main Street West
Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M4

Sitian Liu (Contact Author)

Queen's University - Department of Economics ( email )

94 University Avenue
Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6

HOME PAGE: http://www.sitian-liu.com

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