Tackling Problems, Harvesting Benefits - A Systematic Review of the Regulatory Debate around AI

KITopen 2022

30 Pages Posted: 29 Sep 2022

See all articles by Anja Folberth

Anja Folberth

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology - Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS); Heidelberg University - Institute for Political Science

Jutta Jahnel

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology - Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)

Jascha Bareis

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology - Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)

Carsten Orwat

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology - Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)

Christian Wadephul

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology - Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)

Date Written: September 7, 2022

Abstract

How to integrate an emerging and all-pervasive technology such as AI into the structures and operations of our society is a question of contemporary politics, science and public debate. It has produced a considerable amount of international academic literature from different disciplines. This article analyzes the academic debate around the regulation of artificial intelligence (AI). The systematic review comprises a sample of 73 peer-reviewed journal articles published between January 1st, 2016, and December 31st, 2020. The analysis concentrates on societal risks and harms, questions of regulatory responsibility, and possible adequate policy frameworks, including risk-based and principle- based approaches. The main interests are proposed regulatory approaches and instruments. Various forms of interventions such as bans, approvals, standard-setting, and disclosure are presented. The assessments of the included papers indicate the complexity of the field, which shows its prematurity and the remaining lack of clarity. By presenting a structured analysis of the academic debate, we contribute both empirically and conceptually to a better understanding of the nexus of AI and regulation and the underlying normative decisions. A comparison of the scientific proposals with the proposed European AI regulation illustrates the specific approach of the regulation, its strengths and weaknesses.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence Act (AIA), Automated Decision-Making, Risk Regulation, Systematic Review

Suggested Citation

Folberth, Anja and Jahnel, Jutta and Bareis, Jascha and Orwat, Carsten and Wadephul, Christian, Tackling Problems, Harvesting Benefits - A Systematic Review of the Regulatory Debate around AI (September 7, 2022). KITopen 2022, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4212447

Anja Folberth (Contact Author)

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology - Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS) ( email )

Karlstraße 11
Karlsruhe, 76133
Germany

Heidelberg University - Institute for Political Science ( email )

Bergheimer Str. 58
Heidelberg, 69115
Germany

Jutta Jahnel

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology - Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS) ( email )

Jascha Bareis

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology - Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS) ( email )

Carsten Orwat

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology - Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS) ( email )

Karlstra├če 11
Karlsruhe, 76133
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.itas.kit.edu/kollegium_orwat_carsten.php

Christian Wadephul

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology - Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS) ( email )

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