School teacher supply and demand in South Africa in 2019 and beyond

146 Pages Posted: 26 Oct 2022

See all articles by Servaas van der Berg

Servaas van der Berg

Stellenbosch University

Martin Gustafsson

Stellenbosch University

Cobus Burger

Stellenbosch University - Department of Economics

Date Written: March 13, 2022

Abstract

This research report was produced for the Department of Higher Education and Training (DHET) and the Department of Basic Education (DBE). The study was undertaken to assess demand for, and supply of, teachers in the public service, in order to better inform teacher training policy.

The need for such analysis arose from the concern that not enough teachers are being trained to meet future needs. The 2011 Integrated Strategic Planning Framework for Teacher Education and Development 2011-2025 (DBE & DHET) that flowed from the 2009 Teacher Summit declared adamantly that there was "
…both an absolute shortage of teachers, and a relative shortage of teachers qualified and competent enough to teach specific subjects or learning areas…, in specific phases…, in specific languages…, in Special Needs schools, in ECD, and in rural and remote schools." (DBE & DHET, 2011, 11)

The focus of the current report is mainstream schooling, particularly public schools, looking at Grades 1 to 12. The primary emphasis is on publicly employed teachers; hence teachers in public schools who are privately employed are excluded from this part of the study. However, a secondary focus of the report is demand for teachers outside of the primary focus area, including for teachers in pre-Grade 1 education, teachers in independent schools (which may or may not be publicly funded), teachers in special needs education, as well as for privately paid teachers in public schools. The secondary focus areas may have to some extent different dynamics. Data for these areas is in a different form to data generated for the primary focus area. Hence it is not possible to integrate data derived from the main and secondary focus areas into the main analysis, or to arrive at a single series of conclusions.

Suggested Citation

Van der Berg, Servaas and Gustafsson, Martin A. and Burger, Cobus, School teacher supply and demand in South Africa in 2019 and beyond (March 13, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4213003 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4213003

Servaas Van der Berg (Contact Author)

Stellenbosch University ( email )

Private Bag X1
Stellenbosch, Western Cape 7602
South Africa

Martin A. Gustafsson

Stellenbosch University ( email )

Private Bag X1
Stellenbosch, Western Cape 7602
South Africa

Cobus Burger

Stellenbosch University - Department of Economics ( email )

Private Bag X1
Matieland, 7602
South Africa

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