Emerging Technology’s Language Wars: AI and Criminal Justice

Journal of Law & Innovation (2022 Forthcoming)

SMU Dedman School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 568

32 Pages Posted: 13 Sep 2022

See all articles by Carla Reyes

Carla Reyes

Southern Methodist University - Dedman School of Law

Date Written: 2022

Abstract

Work at the intersection of Artificial Intelligence systems (AI systems) and criminal justice suffers from a distinct linguistic disadvantage. As a highly interdisciplinary area of inquiry, researchers, law-makers, software developers, engineers, judges, and the public all talk past each other, using the same words, but as different terms of art. Evidence of these language wars largely derives from anecdote. To better assess the nature and scope of the problem, this Article uses corpus linguistics to reveal the inherent value conflicts embedded in definitional differences and debates. Doing so offers a tool for reconciling specific linguistic ambiguities before they are embedded in law and ensures more effective communication of the technical pre-requisites for AI systems that, by design, seek to achieve their intended purpose while also upholding core democratic values in the criminal justice system.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence systems, AI, Legal terminology, Corpus linguistics, Criminal justice system, Interdisciplinary research, Miscommunication, Technological competencies, Emerging technologies, Values

Suggested Citation

Reyes, Carla, Emerging Technology’s Language Wars: AI and Criminal Justice (2022). Journal of Law & Innovation (2022 Forthcoming), SMU Dedman School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 568, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4217020

Carla Reyes (Contact Author)

Southern Methodist University - Dedman School of Law ( email )

P.O. Box 750116
Dallas, TX 75275
United States

HOME PAGE: https://www.smu.edu/Law/Faculty/Profiles/Reyes-Carla-L

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