Climate Risk and Gold
29 Pages Posted: 13 Sep 2022
In this paper, we examine the predictive content of both transition and physical risks for the volatility of gold return as well as the utility gains of observing these risks. We utilize the recently developed daily frequency climate risk data and thereafter construct a predictive model that accommodates the salient features of the predictor series such as persistence, endogeneity bias and conditional heteroscedasticity. Our results offer the following distinct contributions to the literature. One, we show that the return volatility of gold has a positively significant relationship with transition risk and a negatively significant relationship with physical risk. Given some salient features of gold, its safe haven property and its rarity in nature, our result appears very plausible. Two, we find evidence for an out-of-sample predictability between return volatility of gold and both of transition and physical risks although with greater predictive prowess from the former. Lastly, we confirm that accounting for both transition and physical risks guarantees higher economic gains for a utility maximizing investor that observes these risks in the gold market. We further demonstrate the robustness of our findings to multiple forecast horizons and alternative commodity(ies).
Keywords: Keywords: Climate change-related risk, Gold, Transition risk, Physical risk, Forecast, Utility metrics
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