Center-Based Care and Parenting Activities

49 Pages Posted: 21 Sep 2022 Last revised: 25 Oct 2022

See all articles by Jonas Jessen

Jonas Jessen

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin); European University Viadrina; IZA

C. Katharina Spiess

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Sevrin Waights

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Abstract

We examine the relationship between parenting activities and center-based care using time diary and survey data for mothers in Germany. While mothers using center-based care spend significantly less time in the presence of their child, we find that differences in the time spent on specific activities such as reading, talking, and playing with the child are relatively small or zero. The pattern of results is more pronounced for lower education mothers. The lack of large decreases in activities are explained by two factors: (i) that center care replaces time that parents spend with the child but are doing other things such as housework or leisure (a small direct effect), and (ii) that evenings become relatively more activity-rich (a compensating indirect effect). For the intensive margin (full-day vs. half-day) we find more additional reductions in parenting activities, but these are compensated for by lower education mothers during non-center hours. Our findings represent novel evidence that activities in the home environment are a complement to center-based care, highlighting a credible additional mechanism for child development effects of center-based care.

Keywords: child development, time use, parenting investments, child care, Oster method

JEL Classification: D13, I21, J13

Suggested Citation

Jessen, Jonas and Spiess, C. Katharina and Waights, Sevrin, Center-Based Care and Parenting Activities. IZA Discussion Paper No. 14851, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4225230

Jonas Jessen (Contact Author)

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstr
58
Berlin
Germany

European University Viadrina ( email )

Germany

IZA ( email )

C. Katharina Spiess

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstra├če 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

Sevrin Waights

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstra├če 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
6
Abstract Views
40
PlumX Metrics