No Thanks, Dear AI! Understanding the Effects of Disclosure and Deployment of Artificial Intelligence in Public Sector Recruitment
55 Pages Posted: 15 Oct 2022 Last revised: 31 Oct 2022
Date Written: October 31, 2022
Applications based on artificial intelligence (AI) play an increasing role in the public sector and invoke political discussions. Research gaps exist regarding the disclosure effects – reactions to disclosure of the use of AI applications – and the deployment effect – efficiency gains in data-savvy tasks. This study analyzes disclosure effects and explores the deployment of an AI application in a pre-registered field experiment (n=2,000) co-designed with a public organization in the context of employer-driven recruitment. The results show that disclosing the use of the AI application leads to significantly less interest in an offer among job candidates. The explorative analysis of the deployment of the AI application indicates that the person-job fit determined by the leaders can be predicted by the AI application. The study offers a theoretical and empirical disentanglement of the disclosure effect and deployment effect to guide evaluations of AI applications in the public sector. It contributes to the understanding of how AI applications can shape public policy and management decisions and discusses benefits and downsides of disclosing and deploying AI applications in the public sector and in employer-driven public sector recruitment.
Keywords: Algorithmic decision-making, artificial intelligence, field experiment, employer-driven recruitment, human-machine interaction
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