Comprehensive Security and LGBTQ Rights

Review of Faith and International Affairs, Vol. 20, 2022, Forthcoming

10 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2022

Date Written: October 1, 2022


Contemporary threats to security are more likely to arise from causes other than armed conflicts, according to OSCE. OSCE considers the list of potential security threats open and able to intersect the military, economic, and “human sphere.” Yet, how open this list is, and how open should it be?

This paper tackles this two-fold question by examining the issue of whether discrimination and intolerance against LGBTQ populations can be considered a security threat that pertains to the human dimension of security. The article first looks at the acquis of OSCE. It then situates the notion of human security in the contemporary moment. The current conflict in Ukraine illustrates the dangers of an expansive approach to framing security that includes the protection of LGBTQ rights. This approach risks offering states in the OSCE area withholding protections for LGBTQ populations argumentative tools to resist the perceived hegemony of the West on human rights law.

Keywords: OSCE, security, LGBTQ rights, Russia, comprehensive security, culture wars, SOGI rights, illiberalism, human rights, discrimination

Suggested Citation

Palazzo, Nausica, Comprehensive Security and LGBTQ Rights (October 1, 2022). Review of Faith and International Affairs, Vol. 20, 2022, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: or

Nausica Palazzo (Contact Author)

Nova School of Law ( email )


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