New radiocarbon and stable isotope data from the Usatove culture site of Mayaky in Ukraine

43 Pages Posted: 7 Oct 2022 Last revised: 17 Mar 2023

See all articles by Alexey G. Nikitin

Alexey G. Nikitin

Grand Valley State University Department of Biology

Svetlana Ivanova

National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Brendan J. Culleton

Pennsylvania State University

Inna Potekhina

National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

David Reich

Harvard Medical School - Department of Genetics

Date Written: October 3, 2022

Abstract

The Usatove (Usatovo) culture provides a pivotal link between farmer and forager-pastoralist cultures of the North Pontic region and adjacent areas during the Eneolithic-Early Bronze Age (EN-EBA) transition in southeast Europe. Usatove is conventionally dated to the middle of the 4th- early 3rd millennium BCE. However, the AMS dating of human remains from the Mayaky complex of the Usatove culture in Ukraine has produced dates beginning in the mid 5th millennium BCE. In this study, we report a series of new radiocarbon dates and stable isotope ratios from human remains at Mayaky and present an attempt to evaluate this data in the context of the Usatove culture chronology. The results suggest a diet of the individuals attributed to the Usatove culture at Mayaky based on aquatic resources, potentially contributing to a reservoir offset (RO) on the AMS dates obtained on human remains. The presented data indicate a change in dietary preferences of the users of the Mayaky archaeological complex in succeeding chronological periods. The presented as well as previously published AMS radiocarbon dates establish the utilization of the Mayaky archaeological site that precedes and post-dates the Usatove culture.

Keywords: Eneolithic, North Pontic steppe, Usatove (Usatovo) culture, radiocarbon dating, stable isotope analysis

Suggested Citation

Nikitin, Alexey G. and Ivanova, Svetlana and Culleton, Brendan J. and Potekhina, Inna and Reich, David, New radiocarbon and stable isotope data from the Usatove culture site of Mayaky in Ukraine (October 3, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4236123 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4236123

Alexey G. Nikitin (Contact Author)

Grand Valley State University Department of Biology ( email )

Svetlana Ivanova

National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine ( email )

Brendan J. Culleton

Pennsylvania State University ( email )

University Park, PA
United States

Inna Potekhina

National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine ( email )

David Reich

Harvard Medical School - Department of Genetics ( email )

25 Shattuck St
Boston, MA 02115
United States

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