Institutional Order in Episodes of Autocratization

49 Pages Posted: 7 Oct 2022

See all articles by Yuko Sato

Yuko Sato

V-Dem Institute, University of Gothenburg

Martin Lundstedt

University of Gothenburg - V-Dem Institute

Kelly Morrison

University of Gothenburg - Varieties of Democracy Institute

Vanessa A. Boese

WZB Berlin Social Science Center; University of Gothenburg

Staffan I. Lindberg

University of Gothenburg - Varieties of Democracy Institute; University of Gothenburg - Department of Political Science

Date Written: October 2022

Abstract

Are there patterns in the sequences of institutional change when democracies autocratize? If so, are such patterns distinct for democracies that transition to authoritarianism versus those that avert democratic breakdown? The Episodes of Regime Transformation (ERT) dataset provides a global sample of all 69 autocratization episodes between 1900-2021. Using this data and pair-wise domination analysis, we describe the general order of reforms in 31 variables which make up different types of accountability mechanisms constraining the government. Our findings suggest that institutional decay starts with horizontal accountability, followed by declines in diagonal accountability, and, finally, vertical accountability. This pattern becomes more apparent in countries with low democratic stock and during the third wave of autocratization. This study makes strong contributions to a growing academic literature on patterns of autocratization as well as initiatives among policymakers and practitioners to counteract autocratization.

Keywords: Autocratization, pathways to autocracy, ERT dataset, domination analysis

Suggested Citation

Sato, Yuko and Lundstedt, Martin and Morrison, Kelly and Boese, Vanessa A. and Lindberg, Staffan I., Institutional Order in Episodes of Autocratization (October 2022). V-Dem Working Paper 133, 2022, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4239798 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4239798

Yuko Sato (Contact Author)

V-Dem Institute, University of Gothenburg ( email )

Viktoriagatan 30
Göteborg, 405 30
Sweden

Martin Lundstedt

University of Gothenburg - V-Dem Institute ( email )

Kelly Morrison

University of Gothenburg - Varieties of Democracy Institute ( email )

Sprängkullsgatan 19
C-building level 3
Gothenburg, Gothenburg 405 30
Sweden

HOME PAGE: http://kellyemorrison.com

Vanessa A. Boese

WZB Berlin Social Science Center ( email )

Reichpietschufer 50
D-10785 Berlin, 10785
Germany

University of Gothenburg ( email )

Viktoriagatan 30
Göteborg, 405 30
Sweden

Staffan I. Lindberg

University of Gothenburg - Varieties of Democracy Institute ( email )

Sprängkullsgatan 19
Gothenburg, Gothenburg 405 30
Sweden

HOME PAGE: http://v-dem.net

University of Gothenburg - Department of Political Science ( email )

Box 711
Gothenburg, S-405 30
Sweden

HOME PAGE: http://www.pol.gu.se

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