An Uncertainty-based Risk Management Framework for Climate-Change Risk
33 Pages Posted: 20 Oct 2022 Last revised: 9 May 2023
Date Written: October 10, 2022
Climate risks are systemic risks and may be clustered according to so-called volatilities, uncertainties, complexities and ambiguities (VUCA) criteria. We analyse climate risk in the VUCA concept and provide a framework that allows to interpret systemic risks as model risk. As climate risks are characterised by deep uncertainties (unknown unknowns) we argue that precautionary and resilient principles should be applied instead of capital-based risk measures (reasonable for known unknows). A prominent example of the proposed principles is the precommitment approach (PCA).
Within the PCA subjective probabilities allow to discriminate between tolerable risks and acceptable ones. The amount of determined solvency capital for acceptable risks and estimations of model risk may be aggregated by means of a multiplier approach.
This framework is in line with the three Pillar approach of Solvency II, especially with the recovery and resolution plan. Furthermore, it fits smoothly to a hybrid approach of micro- and macroprudential supervision.
Keywords: systemic risk, climate risk, model uncertainty, precommitment approach, resilience
JEL Classification: G18, G22, G28, Q54
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation