Cyberbullying Among University Students

16 Pages Posted: 13 Dec 2022

Date Written: October 18, 2022


Cyberbullying is a serious and harmful social problem; in many countries, cyberbullying still does not even have a specific word, while the Internet plays an increasingly important role in people’s daily activities; cyberbullying leads to emotional, psychological, and behavioral problems. (Hinduja, 2007) Psychological consequences such as low self-esteem, increased anxiety, and a higher level of depression is the most unfavorable outcome, as they cannot be recovered easily. Sometimes, it may result in suicide. The study was done to measure cyber-bullying among university students of Kurdistan. The sample consisted of 275 snowball sampling respondents via online survey; the results of the one Sample T-test was (5.040) p-value (P= 0.000 < 0.05), the results was statistically significant and the differences between genders independent sample t-test was used (P= 0.000 < 0.05) The findings indicate that cyberbullying is higher in male participants than in female participants.

Keywords: Cyberbullying, social media, university students, gender differences

Suggested Citation

Kakamad, Karwan and Rashid, Ayrin, Cyberbullying Among University Students (October 18, 2022). Available at SSRN: or

Karwan Kakamad (Contact Author)

Soran University ( email )

Ayrin Rashid

Soran University

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics