Value alignment for advanced artificial judicial intelligence

American Philosophical Quarterly (2023) 60 (2): 187–203. https://doi.org/10.5406/21521123.60.2.06

LawAI Working Paper No. 4-2022

18 Pages Posted: 19 Oct 2022 Last revised: 6 Jun 2024

See all articles by Christoph Winter

Christoph Winter

Harvard University; Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México; Institute for Law & AI

Nick Hollman

Institute for Law & AI

David Manheim

Association for Long Term Existence and Resilience (ALTER); Technion - Israel Institute of Technology

Date Written: October 19, 2022

Abstract

This paper considers challenges resulting from the use of advanced artificial judicial intelligence (AAJI). We argue that these challenges should be considered through the lens of value alignment. Instead of discussing why specific goals and values, such as fairness and nondiscrimination, ought to be implemented, we consider the question of how AAJI can be aligned with goals and values more generally, in order to be reliably integrated into legal and judicial systems. This value alignment framing draws on AI safety and alignment literature to introduce two otherwise neglected considerations for AAJI safety: specification and assurance. We outline diverse research directions and suggest the adoption of assurance and specification mechanisms as the use of AI in the judiciary progresses. While we focus on specification and assurance to illustrate the value of the AI safety and alignment literature, we encourage researchers in law and philosophy to consider what other lessons may be drawn.

Keywords: law & artificial intelligence, advanced artificial judicial intelligence (AAJI), value alignment, specification, assurance

JEL Classification: K10

Suggested Citation

Winter, Christoph and Hollman, Nick and Manheim, David, Value alignment for advanced artificial judicial intelligence (October 19, 2022). American Philosophical Quarterly (2023) 60 (2): 187–203. https://doi.org/10.5406/21521123.60.2.06, LawAI Working Paper No. 4-2022, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4252645

Christoph Winter (Contact Author)

Harvard University ( email )

1875 Cambridge Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.christophwinter.net/

Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México ( email )

Río Hondo 1
Mexico City, D.F. 01000, Federal District 01080
Mexico

Institute for Law & AI ( email )

218 Harvard St
Cambridge, MA 02139
United States

Nick Hollman

Institute for Law & AI ( email )

1427 Cambridge St
#5
Cambridge, MA 02139
United States

David Manheim

Association for Long Term Existence and Resilience (ALTER) ( email )

HaBesht
20/5
Rehovot, 7621032
Israel

HOME PAGE: http://https://alter.org.il

Technion - Israel Institute of Technology ( email )

Israel

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