Local, yet Global: Implications of Caste for MNEs and International Business

54 Pages Posted: 28 Oct 2022

See all articles by Hari Bapuji

Hari Bapuji

University of Melbourne

Snehanjali Chrispal

Deakin University

Balagopal Vissa

INSEAD

Gokhan Ertug

Singapore Management University - Lee Kong Chian School of Business

Date Written: October 28, 2022

Abstract

Caste is an informal institution that influences socioeconomic action in many contexts. It is becoming increasingly evident that international business research, practice, and policy need to programmatically address caste. To facilitate this endeavour, we review the limited research in IB that has addressed caste, and theorize caste as a distinct informal institution by distinguishing it from systems of stratification like race, class, and gender. In addition, we propose a parsimonious framework to highlight the implications of caste for Indian and non-Indian MNEs in their Indian and global operations. In doing this, we focus on implications with respect to the internal organization and inter-organizational relationships of MNEs, and consider how these implications might differ as based on the MNEs’ organizational forms. We then build on these implications to discuss how MNEs and other stakeholders of international business can address caste inequalities via policies related to human rights, anti-racism, and affirmative action. By bridging theory, practice, and policy, we pave the way for MNEs to address global inequalities that relate to caste.

Keywords: Caste, Emerging economies, Inequality, Informal institutions, Diversity and inclusion

Suggested Citation

Bapuji, Hari and Chrispal, Snehanjali and Vissa, Balagopal and Ertug, Gokhan, Local, yet Global: Implications of Caste for MNEs and International Business (October 28, 2022). INSEAD Working Paper No. 2022/49/EFE, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4260813

Hari Bapuji

University of Melbourne ( email )

185 Pelham Street
Carlton, Victoria 3053
Australia

Snehanjali Chrispal

Deakin University ( email )

75 Pigdons Road
Victoria, Victoria 3216
Australia

Balagopal Vissa (Contact Author)

INSEAD ( email )

F-77305 Fontainebleau Cedex
France

Gokhan Ertug

Singapore Management University - Lee Kong Chian School of Business

469 Bukit Timah Road
Singapore 912409
Singapore

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
108
Abstract Views
445
rank
360,869
PlumX Metrics