The Enforcement of Political Norms

34 Pages Posted: 7 Dec 2022

See all articles by Amalia Alvarez-Benjumea

Amalia Alvarez-Benjumea

Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods

Vicente Valentim

University of Oxford - Nuffield College

Date Written: November 8, 2022

Abstract

Are individuals willing to sanction stigmatized political preferences? In an original survey, we showed respondents pictures of individuals with different political views. We then asked a number of questions to capture their first and second order normative views of the individual, their views on whether sanctions would be appropriate, their perception of others' views of the appropriateness of sanctions, and self-reported willingness to sanction. Our findings show that respondents clearly view radical-right preferences as less desirable than other political preferences. Individuals view indirect sanctions as most appropriate, and report a higher likelihood of engaging in them. Sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender, education) and emotional responses correlate with willingness to sanction, but political attitudes (ideology, interest) do not. Our findings uncover the micro-level mechanisms of enforcement of social norms in the political realm, and highlight how norms affect politics in ways that are similar to other realms of social life.

Keywords: social norms, social sanctions, norm enforcement, political preferences, radical-right, Spain

Suggested Citation

Alvarez-Benjumea, Amalia and Valentim, Vicente, The Enforcement of Political Norms (November 8, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4271028 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4271028

Amalia Alvarez-Benjumea

Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods ( email )

Kurt Schumacher Str 10
Bonn, 53113
Germany

Vicente Valentim (Contact Author)

University of Oxford - Nuffield College ( email )

Oxford
United Kingdom

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