The Illinois Brick Damages Edifice: Demolition or Destruction?
Gregory K. Leonard, "The Illinois Brick Damages Edifice: Demolition or Destruction?," Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 84, No. 2 (2022)
26 Pages Posted: 12 Dec 2022
Date Written: 2022
As typically calculated in U.S. “overcharge” cases under existing law, a plaintiff’s damages can diverge substantially from its economic losses. There are two primary reasons for this. First, only direct purchasers may seek damages under Illinois Brick and related federal case law and only those indirect purchasers located in states with Illinois Brick “repealer” laws may seek damages under state law. Thus, some entities that sustained economic losses may not have an avenue for recovery. Second, damages in overcharge cases are typically calculated as the amount of overcharges the plaintiff paid, but this measure may diverge substantially from the plaintiff’s true economic losses and the divergence can go in either direction. The implication is that damages as typically calculated in overcharge cases are not necessarily compensatory. This article discusses these issues and explores the implications of changing the existing legal framework, e.g., overruling Illinois Brick, so that damages would align more closely with economic losses.
Note: Copyright 2022 American Bar Association. Reproduced by permission. All rights reserved. This information or any portion thereof may not be copied or disseminated in any form or by any means or downloaded or stored in an electronic database or retrieval system without the express written consent of the American Bar Association.
Keywords: Antitrust, Damages
JEL Classification: L4
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation