The Influence of the EU Environmental Management and Auditing Scheme on Environmental Innovations and Competitiveness in Germany: An Analysis on the Basis of Case Studies and a Large-Scale Survey

23 Pages Posted: 3 Sep 2003

See all articles by Klaus Rennings

Klaus Rennings

Center for European Economic Research (ZEW)

Andreas Ziegler

Center for European Economic Research (ZEW)

Kathrin Ankele

IÖW-Office Berlin

Esther Hoffman

IÖW-Office Berlin

Abstract

This paper investigates the effects of the EU Environmental Management and Auditing Scheme (EMAS) on environmental innovations and competitiveness in German facilities. It comprises twelve in-depth case studies and telephone interviews with 1277 EMAS-validated facilities. The surveys show a positive influence of EMAS on environmental organisational, process and product innovations. Moreover, the environmental report supports the diffusion of environmental innovations. The econometric analysis with binary probit models shows a significant positive impact of the maturity of environmental management systems on environmental innovations. Another determinant of environmental innovations is the strong participation of specific departments in further development of EMAS, especially of the R&D department. An effect of strategic importance of EMAS on market success could not be confirmed. Facilities with high learning processes by environmental management systems however have a significantly better performance concerning turnover and exports.

Keywords: Environmental management systems, environmental innovation, technological progress, cleaner production

Suggested Citation

Rennings, Klaus and Ziegler, Andreas and Ankele, Kathrin and Hoffman, Esther, The Influence of the EU Environmental Management and Auditing Scheme on Environmental Innovations and Competitiveness in Germany: An Analysis on the Basis of Case Studies and a Large-Scale Survey. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 03-14, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=428462 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.428462

Klaus Rennings (Contact Author)

Center for European Economic Research (ZEW) ( email )

P.O. Box 10 34 43
L 7,1 D-68161 Mannheim
Germany

Andreas Ziegler

Center for European Economic Research (ZEW) ( email )

P.O. Box 10 34 43
L 7,1 D-68161 Mannheim
Germany

Kathrin Ankele

IÖW-Office Berlin ( email )

Potsdamer Straße 105
D-10785 Berlin
Germany

Esther Hoffman

IÖW-Office Berlin ( email )

Potsdamer Straße 105
D-10785 Berlin
Germany

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