U.S. Military Should Not Be in My Backyard: Conjoint Experiments in Japan

52 Pages Posted:

See all articles by Yusaku Horiuchi

Yusaku Horiuchi

Dartmouth College - Department of Government

Atsushi Tago

Waseda University - School of Political Science and Economics

Date Written: November 23, 2022

Abstract

The war in Ukraine has manifested the critical importance of the American alliance network and its military bases abroad. But do citizens of the U.S. allies support the U.S. military's presence? To examine this question, we administered two conjoint experiments on Japanese citizens' attitudes toward the controversial deployment of Osprey and F-35 fighter jets in the country. The results show the Japanese people's strong Not-In-My-Backyard (NIMBY) sentiment toward the U.S. military. Japanese citizens value the U.S.-Japan alliance per se but do not want the American military operating those advanced arms in their vicinity. Our study contributes to the literature on alliance politics and civil-military relations by emphasizing two faces of public opinion about U.S. military presence abroad --- diffused benefits and concentrated costs of hosting military facilities. More generally, it suggests the importance of paying close attention to local public opinion as a source of instability in global military alliances.

Keywords: alliance, military bases, NIMBY, Japan, conjoint analysis

JEL Classification: D74, F51, F52, F53, H56

Suggested Citation

Horiuchi, Yusaku and Tago, Atsushi, U.S. Military Should Not Be in My Backyard: Conjoint Experiments in Japan (November 23, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=

Yusaku Horiuchi (Contact Author)

Dartmouth College - Department of Government ( email )

204 Silsby Hall
HB 6108
Hanover, NH 03755
United States

HOME PAGE: http://horiuchi.org

Atsushi Tago

Waseda University - School of Political Science and Economics ( email )

1-6-1 Nishiwaseda
Shinkuku
Tokyo
Japan

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
0
Abstract Views
2
PlumX Metrics