Phenomenology of Ultrafine Particle Concentrations and Size Distribution Across Urban Europe

32 Pages Posted: 5 Dec 2022

See all articles by Pedro Trechera

Pedro Trechera

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Meritxell Garcia-Marlès

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Xiansheng Liu

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Cristina Reche

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Noemi Pérez

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Marjan Savadkoohi

affiliation not provided to SSRN

d beddows

University of Birmingham

Imre SALMA

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Máté Vörösmarty

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Andrea Casans

University of Granada

Juan Andrés Casquero-Vera

University of Granada

Christoph Hueglin

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Nicolas Marchand

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Benjamin Chazeau

CNRS-IRD-Collège de France UMR 34 CEREGE - Aix-Marseille Université

Grégory Gille

Agence régionale de surveillance de la qualité de l’air

Panayiotis Kalkavouras

National Observatory of Athens

Nikos Mihalopoulos

National Observatory of Athens

Jakub Ondracek

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Naděžda Zíková

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jarkko V. Niemi

Helsinki Region Environmental Services Authority

Hanna Elina Manninen

Helsinki Region Environmental Services Authority

David C. Green

Imperial College London - School of Public Health

Anja H. Tremper

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Michael Norman

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Stergios Vratolis

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Konstantinos Eleftheriadis

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Francisco J. Gómez-Moreno

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Elisabeth Alonso-Blanco

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Holger Gerwig

German Environment agnecy (UBA)

Alfred Wiedensohler

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Kay Weinhold

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Maik Merkel

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Susanne Bastian

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jean-Eudes Petit

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Olivier favez

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Suzanne Crumeyrolle

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Nicolas Ferlay

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Sebastiao Martins Dos Santos

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jean-Philippe Putaud

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Hilkka Timonen

Government of the Republic of Finland - Finnish Meteorological Institute

Janne Lampilahti

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Christof Asbach

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Carmen Wolf

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Heinz Kaminski

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Hicran Altug

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Barbara Hoffmann

Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf

David Q. Rich

University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry

Marco Pandolfi

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Roy M. Harrison

University of Birmingham

Philip K. Hopke

University of Rochester

Tuukka Petäjä

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Andrés Alastuey

Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC)

Xavier Querol

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abstract

The 2017-2019 hourly particle number size distributions (PNSD) from 26 sites in Europe and 1 in the US were evaluated focusing on 16 urban background (UB) and 6 traffic (TR) sites in the framework of Research Infrastructures services reinforcing air quality monitoring capacities in European URBAN & industrial areaS (RI-URBANS) project. The main objective was to describe the phenomenology of urban ultrafine particles (UFP) in Europe with a significant air quality focus.The varying lower size detection limits made it difficult to compare PN concentrations (PNC), particularly PN10-25, from different cities. PNCs follow a TR>UB>Suburban (SUB) order. PNC and Black Carbon (BC) progressively increase from Northern Europe to Southern Europe and from Western to Eastern Europe. At the UB sites, typical traffic rush hour PNC peaks are evident, many also showing midday-morning PNC peaks anti-correlated with BC. These peaks result from increased PN10-25, suggesting significant PNC contributions from nucleation, fumigation and shipping.Site types to be identified by daily and seasonal PNC and BC patterns are: (i) PNC mainly driven by traffic emissions, with marked correlations with BC on different time scales; (ii) marked midday/morning PNC peaks and a seasonal anti-correlation with PNC/BC; (iii) both traffic peaks and midday peaks without marked seasonal patterns. Groups (ii) and (iii) included cities with high insolation.PNC, especially PN25-800, was positively correlated with BC, NO2, CO and PM for several sites. The variable correlation of PNSD with different urban pollutants demonstrates that these do not reflect the variability of UFP in urban environments. Specific monitoring of PNSD is needed if nanoparticles and their associated health impacts are to be assessed. Implementation of the CEN-ACTRIS recommendations for PNSD measurements would provide comparable measurements, and measurements of <10 nm PNC are needed for full evaluation of the health effects of this size fraction.

Keywords: Air quality, aerosols, atmospheric particulate matter, nanoparticles, urban environment, particle number concentrations

Suggested Citation

Trechera, Pedro and Garcia-Marlès, Meritxell and Liu, Xiansheng and Reche, Cristina and Pérez, Noemi and Savadkoohi, Marjan and beddows, d and SALMA, Imre and Vörösmarty, Máté and Casans, Andrea and Casquero-Vera, Juan Andrés and Hueglin, Christoph and Marchand, Nicolas and Chazeau, Benjamin and Gille, Grégory and Kalkavouras, Panayiotis and Mihalopoulos, Nikos and Ondracek, Jakub and Zíková, Naděžda and Niemi, Jarkko V. and Manninen, Hanna Elina and Green, David C. and Tremper, Anja H. and Norman, Michael and Vratolis, Stergios and Eleftheriadis, Konstantinos and Gómez-Moreno, Francisco J. and Alonso-Blanco, Elisabeth and Gerwig, Holger and Wiedensohler, Alfred and Weinhold, Kay and Merkel, Maik and Bastian, Susanne and Petit, Jean-Eudes and favez, Olivier and Crumeyrolle, Suzanne and Ferlay, Nicolas and Dos Santos, Sebastiao Martins and Putaud, Jean-Philippe and Timonen, Hilkka and Lampilahti, Janne and Asbach, Christof and Wolf, Carmen and Kaminski, Heinz and Altug, Hicran and Hoffmann, Barbara and Rich, David Q. and Pandolfi, Marco and Harrison, Roy M. and Hopke, Philip K. and Petäjä, Tuukka and Alastuey, Andrés and Querol, Xavier, Phenomenology of Ultrafine Particle Concentrations and Size Distribution Across Urban Europe. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4294020 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4294020

Pedro Trechera (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Meritxell Garcia-Marlès

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Xiansheng Liu

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Cristina Reche

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Noemi Pérez

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Marjan Savadkoohi

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

D Beddows

University of Birmingham ( email )

Edgbaston, B15 2TT
United Kingdom

Imre SALMA

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Máté Vörösmarty

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Andrea Casans

University of Granada ( email )

Juan Andrés Casquero-Vera

University of Granada ( email )

Christoph Hueglin

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Nicolas Marchand

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Benjamin Chazeau

CNRS-IRD-Collège de France UMR 34 CEREGE - Aix-Marseille Université ( email )

WCPM+8HH
Isabel
Philippines

Grégory Gille

Agence régionale de surveillance de la qualité de l’air ( email )

Marseille
France

Panayiotis Kalkavouras

National Observatory of Athens ( email )

Penteli, GR-15236
Greece

Nikos Mihalopoulos

National Observatory of Athens ( email )

Penteli, GR-15236
Greece

Jakub Ondracek

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Naděžda Zíková

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Jarkko V. Niemi

Helsinki Region Environmental Services Authority ( email )

Finland

Hanna Elina Manninen

Helsinki Region Environmental Services Authority ( email )

Finland

David C. Green

Imperial College London - School of Public Health ( email )

Anja H. Tremper

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Michael Norman

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Stergios Vratolis

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Konstantinos Eleftheriadis

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Francisco J. Gómez-Moreno

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Elisabeth Alonso-Blanco

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Holger Gerwig

German Environment agnecy (UBA) ( email )

Germany
+496103704108 (Phone)
+4934021046108 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Holger-Gerwig

Alfred Wiedensohler

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Kay Weinhold

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Maik Merkel

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Susanne Bastian

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Jean-Eudes Petit

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Olivier Favez

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Suzanne Crumeyrolle

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Nicolas Ferlay

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Sebastiao Martins Dos Santos

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Jean-Philippe Putaud

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Hilkka Timonen

Government of the Republic of Finland - Finnish Meteorological Institute ( email )

Janne Lampilahti

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Christof Asbach

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Carmen Wolf

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Heinz Kaminski

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Hicran Altug

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Barbara Hoffmann

Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf ( email )

David Q. Rich

University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry ( email )

Marco Pandolfi

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Roy M. Harrison

University of Birmingham ( email )

Philip K. Hopke

University of Rochester ( email )

300 Crittenden Blvd.
Rochester, NY 14627
United States

Tuukka Petäjä

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Andrés Alastuey

Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC) ( email )

Spain

Xavier Querol

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

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