Strategic Arbitrage in Segmented Markets
61 Pages Posted: 11 Dec 2022 Last revised: 13 Nov 2023
Date Written: November 11, 2023
We propose a model in which arbitrageurs act strategically in markets with entry costs. In a repeated game, arbitrageurs choose to specialize in some markets, which leads to the highest combined profits. We present evidence consistent with our theory from the options market, in which suboptimally unexercised options create arbitrage opportunities for intermediaries. Using transaction-level data, we identify the corresponding arbitrage trades. Consistent with the model, only 57% of these opportunities attract entry by arbitrageurs. Of those that do, 50% attract only one arbitrageur. Finally, our paper details how market participants circumvent a regulation devised to curtail this arbitrage strategy.
Keywords: Arbitrage, repeated game, entry cost, dividend play, retail investors
JEL Classification: G4, G5, G11, G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation