The Role of Contingent Work in the War Against Poverty
36 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2003
Date Written: April 2003
The 1980s and 1990s witnessed the success of work-based welfare reform in reducing welfare caseloads. While welfare reform was effective in lowering immediate welfare dependency, researchers have questioned its long-run success in alleviating poverty partially due to the precariousness surrounding the jobs held by welfare leavers. This paper addresses this concern by examining (1) the likelihood of taking a contingent job given one's welfare dependency and past poverty status; (2) the probability of being on welfare for different types of contingent workers relative to their non-contingent counterparts; and (3) the likelihood of living in poverty in the near future as a function of past employment in alternative types of contingent jobs.
Keywords: Contingent work, poverty, welfare, temporary help
JEL Classification: J20, J22, J32, J38
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation