Trade Reforms, Labor Regulations and Labor-Demand Elasticities: Empirical Evidence from India
55 Pages Posted: 4 Aug 2003 Last revised: 4 Nov 2010
Date Written: August 2003
Using industry-level data disaggregated by states, this paper finds a positive impact of trade liberalization on labor-demand elasticities in the Indian manufacturing sector. These elasticities turn out to be negatively related to protection levels that vary across industries and over time. Furthermore, we find that these elasticities are not only higher for Indian states with more flexible labor regulations, they are also impacted to a larger degree by trade reforms. Finally, we find that after the reforms, volatility in productivity and output gets translated into larger wage and employment volatility, theoretically a possible consequence of larger labor-demand elasticities.
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