Conceptualising the Drivers of Ultra-Processed Food Production and Consumption and Their Environmental Impacts: A Group Model-Building Exercise

95 Pages Posted: 28 Dec 2022

See all articles by Kim Anastasiou

Kim Anastasiou

Deakin University; Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Health & Biosecurity

Philip Baker

Deakin University

Gilly Hendrie

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Health & Biosecurity

Michalis Hadjikakou

Deakin University - Centre for Integrative Ecology

Sinead Boylan

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)

Abhishek Chaudhary

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur

Michael Clark

University of Oxford - Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment

Fabrice DeClerck

Future Earth - The EARTH Commission; EAT Forum

Jessica Fanzo

Johns Hopkins University

Anthony Fardet

Université Clermont Auvergne - INRAE

Fernanda Helena Marrocos Leite

Center for Epidemiological Research in Nutrition and Health, Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo

Daniel Mason-D’Croz

Cornell University

Rob Percival

Soil Association

Christian Reynolds

University of South Australia - School of Mathematics and Statistics; Centre for Food Policy, City, University of London; University of Sheffield - Department of Geography

Mark lawrence

Deakin University - School of Exercise and Nutrition

Date Written: December 19, 2022

Abstract

Building on an extensive review of the literature and expert elicitation using group model building, we developed a series of causal loop diagrams identifying the environmental impacts of ultra-processed food (UPFs) systems, and underlying system drivers. The final conceptual model displays the commercial, biological and social drivers of the UPF system, and the impacts on environmental sub-systems including climate, land, water and waste. It displays complex interactions between various environmental impacts, demonstrating how changes to one component of the system could have flow-on effects on other system components. The model has a wide range of applications including guiding policy interventions to promote healthy and sustainable diets, identifying policy trade-offs and informing the design of quantitative analyses.

Keywords: Healthy and sustainable food systems, Ultra-processed foods, Sustainable diets, Group model building, Food system transformation, Environmental impact assessment

JEL Classification: I100

Suggested Citation

Anastasiou, Kim and Baker, Philip and Hendrie, Gilly and Hadjikakou, Michalis and Boylan, Sinead and Chaudhary, Abhishek and Clark, Michael and DeClerck, Fabrice and Fanzo, Jessica and Fardet, Anthony and Leite, Fernanda Helena Marrocos and Mason-D’Croz, Daniel and Percival, Rob and Reynolds, Christian and Reynolds, Christian and lawrence, Mark, Conceptualising the Drivers of Ultra-Processed Food Production and Consumption and Their Environmental Impacts: A Group Model-Building Exercise (December 19, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4306622 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4306622

Kim Anastasiou (Contact Author)

Deakin University ( email )

Geelong, Victoria
Australia

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Health & Biosecurity ( email )

Geelong
Australia

Philip Baker

Deakin University ( email )

75 Pigdons Road
Victoria, Victoria 3216
Australia

Gilly Hendrie

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Health & Biosecurity ( email )

Michalis Hadjikakou

Deakin University - Centre for Integrative Ecology ( email )

Sinead Boylan

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) ( email )

Abhishek Chaudhary

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur

Kharagpur
kalyanpur
Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh 208016
India

Michael Clark

University of Oxford - Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment ( email )

Fabrice DeClerck

Future Earth - The EARTH Commission ( email )

EAT Forum ( email )

Jessica Fanzo

Johns Hopkins University ( email )

615 North Wolfe Street
Baltimore, MD 21205
United States

Anthony Fardet

Université Clermont Auvergne - INRAE ( email )

Fernanda Helena Marrocos Leite

Center for Epidemiological Research in Nutrition and Health, Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo ( email )

São Paulo
Brazil

Daniel Mason-D’Croz

Cornell University ( email )

Ithaca, NY 14853
United States

Rob Percival

Soil Association ( email )

Christian Reynolds

University of South Australia - School of Mathematics and Statistics ( email )

Australia

Centre for Food Policy, City, University of London ( email )

Northampton Square
London, EC1V OHB
United Kingdom

University of Sheffield - Department of Geography ( email )

Winter Street
Sheffield, S10 2TN
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Christian_Reynolds2

Mark Lawrence

Deakin University - School of Exercise and Nutrition ( email )

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