The EU AI Act: Between Product Safety and Fundamental Rights
26 Pages Posted: 30 Dec 2022 Last revised: 26 Jan 2023
Date Written: December 20, 2022
The European Union (“EU”) Artificial Intelligence Act (the AI Act) is a legal medley. Under the banner of risk-based regulation, the AI Act combines two repertoires of European Union (EU) law, namely product safety and fundamental rights protection. Like a medley, the AI Act attempts to combine the best features of both repertoires. But like a medley, the AI Act risks delivering insufficient levels of both product safety or fundamental rights protection. This article describes these issues by reference to three classical issues of law and technology. Some adjustments to the text and spirit of the AI Act are suggested.
Keywords: European Union law, AI regulation, standardization, risk-based regulation
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