Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Violation of Human Rights
16 Pages Posted: 12 Jan 2023
Date Written: December 21, 2022
Artificial Intelligence is an evolving science and technology. The positive impacts of AI are related to climate and environmental issues, such as intelligent transportation systems to minimize queuing and optimize routing and energy efficiency. AI in healthcare can change the traditional treatment to an intelligent version of the treatment. Besides, AI can help the healthcare system prevent and control diseases that threaten life by analyzing health data. Besides, NATO has used AI to increase the security and awareness of its members and coordinate an efficient cyber defence. On the other side, the adverse effects of AI should be assessed in the context of human rights. For instance, the dehumanization of collective and social life is one of the destructive effects of the application of digital technology. In addition, the lack of comprehensive supervision over AI automation is dangerous and challenging due to the abuse of data by Big Tech companies. The data transactions by brokers and exploitation of data for different purposes are other concerns in this regard. These transactions increase the misuse of data and reflect the vulnerability of individuals in cyberspace. For example, a data scientist showed that he could trace the route of well-known actors by deploying different data sets. Another data analyst showed that he could explore drivers and their passengers’ personal information by working on a taxi dataset.
Moreover, it is not clear how AI considers human rights and fundamental values of liberal society. There is a severe asymmetry in the arms of algorithms’ developers and the users who are their subjects. This asymmetric power arises from the unique ability of AI systems to collect massive data sets from users and analyze big data via cyberspace. This article discusses the role of states and their responsibilities to respect and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms concerning AI.
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Human Rights, Fundamental Freedoms
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