Religious Institutions and Gendered Time Use: Evidence from Ramadan Festivities in India

43 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2023

See all articles by Aparajita Dasgupta

Aparajita Dasgupta

Ashoka University

Ashokankur Datta

Department of Economics, Shiv Nadar University

Date Written: January 19, 2023

Abstract

How does religious institutions bear upon the gender-gap in time use for individuals? In this paper we examine how religious mandates of the holy month of Ramadan affects the gendered distribution of time use within Muslim households in India. Using rich data from a nationally representative time use survey we construct a composite measure of gendered life that incorporates gender gaps. We employ a difference-in-difference methodology to test if this gender imbalance in accentuated by Ramadan. We find that contrary to popular belief, Ramadan moderates the gender disparities in intra-household time use for Muslim households. The moderating influence is stronger in districts with a higher Muslim proportion. We find a reduction in absolute gender gap in time use for employment, unpaid domestic work and learning activities. However, at an individual level, men and women in different age groups are differentially affected by Ramadan.

Keywords: Gendered Time Use, Religion, Ramadan, Institutions

JEL Classification: J16, J22, O43, Z12, Z13

Suggested Citation

Dasgupta, Aparajita and Datta, Ashokankur, Religious Institutions and Gendered Time Use: Evidence from Ramadan Festivities in India (January 19, 2023). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4329286 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4329286

Aparajita Dasgupta (Contact Author)

Ashoka University ( email )

University Campus, Plot #2,
Rajiv Gandhi Education City
Kundli, Haryana 131028
India

Ashokankur Datta

Department of Economics, Shiv Nadar University ( email )

NH-91, Village- Chithera, Tehsil-Dadri,
Dist. Gautam Buddha Nagar, UP
Gautam Buddha Nagar, Uttar Pradesh 201314
India

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
120
Abstract Views
402
Rank
437,409
PlumX Metrics