Relative Labor Productivity and the Real Exchange Rate in the Long Run: Evidence for a Panel of OECD Countries

46 Pages Posted: 17 Oct 1996 Last revised: 2 Oct 2010

See all articles by Matthew B. Canzoneri

Matthew B. Canzoneri

Georgetown University

Robert E. Cumby

Georgetown University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Behzad Diba

Georgetown University

Date Written: July 1996

Abstract

The Balassa-Samuelson model, which explains real exchange rate movements in terms of sectoral productivities, rests on two components. First, for a class of technologies including Cobb-Douglas, the model implies that the relative price of nontraded goods in each country should reflect the relative productivity of labor in the traded and nontraded goods sectors. Second, the model assumes that purchasing power parity holds for traded goods in the long-run. We test each of these implications using data from a panel of OECD countries. Our results suggest that the first of these two fits the data quite well. In the long run, relative prices generally reflect relative labor productivities. The evidence on purchasing power parity in traded goods is considerably less favorable. When we look at US dollar exchange rates, PPP does not appear to hold for traded goods, even in the long run. On the other hand, when we look at DM exchange rates purchasing power parity appears to be a somewhat better characterization of traded goods prices.

Suggested Citation

Canzoneri, Matthew B. and Cumby, Robert E. and Diba, Bezhad, Relative Labor Productivity and the Real Exchange Rate in the Long Run: Evidence for a Panel of OECD Countries (July 1996). NBER Working Paper No. w5676. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4333

Matthew B. Canzoneri

Georgetown University ( email )

Washington, DC 20057
United States
202-687-5911 (Phone)
202-687-6102 (Fax)

Robert E. Cumby (Contact Author)

Georgetown University - Department of Economics ( email )

580 Intercultural Center
Washington, DC 20057
United States
202-687-2990 (Phone)
202-687-6102 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Bezhad Diba

Georgetown University ( email )

Washington, DC 20057
United States
2026875682 (Phone)
2026876102 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://econ.georgetown.edu/

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
76
Abstract Views
2,276
rank
314,815
PlumX Metrics