Juicio / Judgment and procedure (DCH)

53 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2023

See all articles by Orazio Condorelli

Orazio Condorelli

Università di Catania, Dipartimento di Giurisprudenza

Date Written: November 1, 2022

Abstract

Spanish Abstract: Este estudio rastrea las raíces medievales del derecho canónico indiano, para mostrar cómo los temas de juicio y jurisdicción, derecho y justicia se han ido configurando en un diálogo constante entre la ciencia jurídica y la teología moral. Las situaciones institucionales muy peculiares que experimentó el derecho indiano exigen prestar atención a las relaciones y conflictos entre autoridades civiles y eclesiásticas, en un sistema donde los flexibles límites entre las esferas de competencia dejaban espacio para materias de competencia mixta. Un campo de concurrencia jurisdiccional y de posibles conflictos era el de la protección a las miserabiles personae, categoría privilegiada por el derecho canónico y el derecho secular, en la que se incluían los indios. Un aspecto de su protección jurídica era la posibilidad de acceder a un juicio simplificado en la forma del juicio sumario. La mutua inmanencia entre juicio, justicia y proceso conduce la discusión sobre los recursos jurisdiccionales, desde el camino tradicional de la apelación hasta el procedimiento del recurso de fuerza, peculiar expresión del enfoque regalista de las relaciones entre poder secular y eclesiástico en la temprana edad moderna.

English Abstract: This article traces the medieval roots of the derecho canónico indiano, in order to show how the issues of judgment and jurisdiction, law and justice took shape in a constant dialogue between legal science and moral theology. The peculiar institutional situations in which the derecho indiano developed require addressing the relations and conflicts between secular and ecclesiastical authorities, in a system where the flexible limits between the spheres of power left room for matters of mixed jurisdiction. The protection of miserabiles personae was one field of jurisdictional concurrence and potential conflicts. The indios were included in this category, which was privileged by canon and secular law. One aspect of their legal protection consisted in the possibility of accessing a simplified judgment according to the form of the summary trial. The reciprocal immanence between judgement, justice and trial leads the debate on jurisdictional remedies, from the traditional way of appeal to the recurso de fuerza, a peculiar expression of the “regalistic” approach to the relations between secular and ecclesiastical powers in early modern times.

Keywords: Trial, ius commune, derecho indiano, ecclesiastical and secular jurisdictions

Suggested Citation

Condorelli, Orazio, Juicio / Judgment and procedure (DCH) (November 1, 2022). Max Planck Institute for Legal History and Legal Theory Research Paper Series No. 2023-01, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4345910 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4345910

Orazio Condorelli (Contact Author)

Università di Catania, Dipartimento di Giurisprudenza ( email )

Via Gallo 24
Villa Cerami
Catania, Catania 95124
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.lex.unict.it/docenti/orazio.condorelli

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
95
Abstract Views
352
Rank
507,426
PlumX Metrics