The Impact of Robots on Labour Market Transitions in Europe
58 Pages Posted: 18 Feb 2023
We study the effects of robot exposure on worker flows in 16 European countries between 2000-2017. Overall, we find small negative effects on job separations and small positive effects on job findings. Labour costs are a major driver of cross-country differences: the effects of robot exposure are generally larger in absolute terms in countries with relatively low or average levels of labour costs than in countries with high levels of labour costs. These effects are particularly pronounced for workers in occupations intensive in routine manual or routine cognitive tasks, but are insignificant in occupations intensive in non-routine cognitive tasks. Our results imply that robot adoption increased employment and reduced unemployment, especially in European countries with relatively low or average levels of labour costs, and mainly through lower job separations.
Keywords: robotstechnological changetaskslabour market effectsEurope
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