How to Teach Research Integrity?

16 Pages Posted: 27 Feb 2023

See all articles by Andrea Saltelli

Andrea Saltelli

UPF Barcelona School of Management

Date Written: February 21, 2023


How to teach research integrity to students in higher education? We propose organizing the many dimensions of scientific integrity under three headings, offered by the three interrelated meanings of the word integrity found in the Webster dictionary in terms of norms, functions and completeness.

Mapping this on science, the first meaning has to do with how science conforms or deviates from known normative standards, such as those proposed by Robert K. Merton. The second meaning has to do with science as a social activity endowed with a functioning, non-damaged mechanism. The third meaning has to do with science not having lost pieces, nor being broken or divided.

We suggest that this novel articulation of the matter may facilitate students’ take up of the many aspects of integrity in research, and familiarize them with elements of history, philosophy and sociology of science, including from the field of science and technology studies (STS).

Keywords: Sociology of science, science and technology studies (STS), science reproducibility, projectification of research, scientific publishing, scientific review

JEL Classification: I21, Y20

Suggested Citation

Saltelli, Andrea, How to Teach Research Integrity? (February 21, 2023). Available at SSRN: or

Andrea Saltelli (Contact Author)

UPF Barcelona School of Management ( email )

Carrer de Balmes
Carrer de Balmes, 132
Barcelona, Barcelona 08008


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