Does Bank Lending Affect Output? Evidence from the U.S. States
29 Pages Posted: 22 Sep 2003
Date Written: July 2003
This paper uses a panel of state-level data to test whether changes in bank loan supply affect output. Since the U.S. states are small open economies with fixed exchange rates, state-specific shocks to money demand are automatically accommodated, leading to changes in lending if banks rely on deposits as a source of funding. Using these shocks as an instrumental variable, I find that shocks to money demand have large and statistically significant effects on the supply of bank loans, but loans have small, often negative and statistically insignificant effects on output.
Keywords: Bank lending, U.S. states, money demand, credit
JEL Classification: E32, E41, E51
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation