Art-ificial Intelligence: The Effect of AI Disclosure on Evaluations of Creative Content
40 Pages Posted: 1 Mar 2023 Last revised: 11 Apr 2023
Date Written: March 11, 2023
The emergence of generative AI technologies, such as OpenAI’s ChatGPT chatbot, has expanded the scope of tasks that AI tools can accomplish and enabled AI-generated creative content. In this study, we explore how disclosure regarding the use of AI in the creation of creative content affects human evaluation of such content. In a series of pre-registered experimental studies, we show that AI disclosure has no meaningful effect on evaluation either for creative or descriptive short stories, but that AI disclosure has a negative effect on evaluations for emotionally evocative poems written in the first person. We interpret this result to suggest that reactions to AI-generated content may be negative when the content is viewed as distinctly “human.” We discuss the implications of this work and outline planned pathways of research to better understand whether and when AI disclosure may affect the evaluation of creative content.
Keywords: AI, creativity, ChatGPT, evaluation, algorithmic aversion
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