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ChatGPT M.D.: Is There Any Room for Generative AI in Neurology and Other Medical Areas?
20 Pages Posted: 2 Mar 2023More...
Background: In recent months, ChatGPT, a general artificial intelligence, has become a cultural phenomenon in the scientific community and general audience as well. A widely increasing number of papers discussed ChatGPT as a powerful tool in scientific writing and programming but its use as a medical tool is largely overlooked. Here we show that ChatGPT can be used as a valuable and innovative augmentation in modern medicine, especially as a diagnostic tool.
Methods: We used synthetic data generated by neurological experts to represent descriptive anamneses of patients with known neurology-related diseases, then the probability for an appropriate diagnosis made by ChatGPT was measured. To give clarity to the accuracy of the AI-determined diagnosis, all cases have been cross-validated by other experts and general medical doctors as well.
Findings: We found that ChatGPT-determined diagnoses can reach the probability level of other experts, furthermore, it surpasses the probability of an appropriate diagnosis if the examiner is a general medical doctor. Our results support the efficacy of general artificial intelligence like ChatGPT as a diagnostic tool in medicine.
Interpretation: In the future, it might be a useful amendment in medical practice, especially in overwhelmed fields and/or areas requiring fast decision-making like oxiology and emergency care.
Funding: The project was financially supported by the OTKA FK_22 143326 grant from the National Research, Development, and Innovation Office of the Hungarian Government.
Declaration of Interest: The authors declare that they have no competing financial interests.
Keywords: ChatGPT, large language models, artificial intelligence, clinical diagnostic, neurology
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