Predictive Ability Tests with Possibly Overlapping Models
41 Pages Posted: 6 Mar 2023
Date Written: March 2, 2023
This paper provides novel tests for comparing out-of-sample predictive ability of two or more competing models that are possibly overlapping. The tests do not require pre-testing, they allow for dynamic misspecification and are valid under different estimation schemes and loss functions. In pairwise model comparisons, the test is constructed by adding a random perturbation to both the numerator and denominator of a standard Diebold-Mariano test statistic. This prevents degeneracy in the presence of overlapping models but becomes asymptotically negligible otherwise. The test has correct size uniformly over all null data generating processes. A similar idea is used to develop a superior predictive ability test for the comparison of multiple models against a benchmark. Monte Carlo simulations demonstrate that our tests exhibit very good size control in finite samples reducing both incidences of under- and over-sizing relative to its competitors. Finally, an application to forecasting U.S. excess bond returns provides evidence in favour of models using macroeconomic factors.
Keywords: degeneracy, uniform inference, block bootstrap, out-of-sample evaluation, excess bond returns
JEL Classification: C12, C22, C53
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation